Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work.
Although it was not a great success at the time—selling fewer than three thousand copies in the United States during before going out of print—it soon went on to become a best-seller.
The book takes place in the midst of an unspecified war. With the exception of Sam and Eric and the choirboys, they appear never to have encountered each other before.
The book portrays their descent into savagery; left to themselves on a paradisiacal island, far from modern civilisation, the well-educated children regress to a primitive state. Golding wrote his book as a counterpoint to R.
The only survivors are boys in their middle childhood or preadolescence. Two boys—the fair-haired Ralph and an overweight, bespectacled boy nicknamed "Piggy"—find a conchwhich Ralph uses as a horn to convene all the survivors to one area.
Ralph is optimistic, believing that grown-ups will come to rescue them but Piggy realises the need to organise: Because Ralph appears responsible for bringing all the survivors together, he immediately commands some authority over the other boys and is quickly elected their "chief".
Ralph establishes three primary policies: The boys establish a form of democracy by declaring that whoever holds the conch shall also be able to speak at their formal gatherings and receive the attentive silence of the larger group. Jack organises his choir into a hunting party responsible for discovering a food source.
Ralph, Jack, and a quiet, dreamy boy named Simon soon form a loose triumvirate of leaders with Ralph as the ultimate authority. Upon inspection of the island, the three determine that it has fruit and wild pigs for food. Simon, in addition to supervising the project of constructing shelters, feels an instinctive need to protect the "littluns" younger boys.
The semblance of order quickly deteriorates as the majority of the boys turn idle; they give little aid in building shelters, spend their time having fun and begin to develop paranoias about the island. The central paranoia refers to a supposed monster they call the "beast", which they all slowly begin to believe exists on the island.
Ralph insists that no such beast exists, but Jack, who has started a power struggle with Ralph, gains a level of control over the group by boldly promising to kill the creature.
At one point, Jack summons all of his hunters to hunt down a wild pig, drawing away those assigned to maintain the signal fire.
Ralph angrily confronts Jack about his failure to maintain the signal; in frustration Jack assaults Piggy, breaking his glasses. The boys subsequently enjoy their first feast. One night, an aerial battle occurs near the island while the boys sleep, during which a fighter pilot ejects from his plane and dies in the descent.
His body drifts down to the island in his parachute; both get tangled in a tree near the top of the mountain. Later on, while Jack continues to scheme against Ralph, the twins Sam and Eric, now assigned to the maintenance of the signal fire, see the corpse of the fighter pilot and his parachute in the dark.
Mistaking the corpse for the beast, they run to the cluster of shelters that Ralph and Simon have erected to warn the others. This unexpected meeting again raises tensions between Jack and Ralph. Shortly thereafter, Jack decides to lead a party to the other side of the island, where a mountain of stones, later called Castle Rock, forms a place where he claims the beast resides.
They then flee, now believing the beast is truly real. When they arrive at the shelters, Jack calls an assembly and tries to turn the others against Ralph, asking them to remove Ralph from his position.
Receiving no support, Jack storms off alone to form his own tribe. The members begin to paint their faces and enact bizarre rites, including sacrifices to the beast.
Simon, who faints frequently and is probably an epileptic  has a secret hideaway where he goes to be alone. One day while he is there, Jack and his followers erect an offering to the beast nearby: Simon conducts an imaginary dialogue with the head, which he dubs the " Lord of the Flies ".
The Lord of the Flies also warns Simon that he is in danger, because he represents the soul of man, and predicts that the others will kill him. Simon climbs the mountain alone and discovers that the "beast" is the dead parachutist.
He rushes down to tell the other boys, who are engaged in a ritual dance. The frenzied boys mistake Simon for the beast, attack him, and beat him to death. Both Ralph and Piggy participate in the melee, and they become deeply disturbed by their actions after returning from Castle Rock.
Ralph, now deserted by most of his supporters, journeys to Castle Rock to confront Jack and secure the glasses.
|From the SparkNotes Blog||Chapter 2 Summary When the explorers return, Ralph sounds the conch shell, summoning the boys to another meeting on the beach. He tells the group that there are no adults on the island and that they need to organize a few things to look after themselves.|
|Civilization Theme in Lord of the Flies | LitCharts||Savagery and the "Beast" Themes and Colors LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Lord of the Flies, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. Although Golding argues that people are fundamentally savage, drawn toward pleasure and violence, human beings have successfully managed to create thriving civilizations for thousands of years.|
|The theme of Civilization in Lord of the Flies from LitCharts | The creators of SparkNotes||Personalized approach The Conch Shell After the plane crash had separated the boys, Ralph and Piggy come across the conch shell lying on the beach and use it to call the group together.|
Taking the conch and accompanied only by Piggy, Sam, and Eric, Ralph finds the tribe and demands that they return the valuable object.
Ralph and Jack engage in a fight which neither wins before Piggy tries once more to address the tribe. Any sense of order or safety is permanently eroded when Roger, now sadistic, deliberately drops a boulder from his vantage point above, killing Piggy and shattering the conch.Essay about Lord of the Flies: Civilization vs Savagery Words 4 Pages The human mind is made of up two instincts that constantly have conflict: the instinct to live by society’s rules and the instinct to live by your own rules.
William Golding's masterpiece, 'Lord of the Flies,' describes schoolboys' descent into savagery. Golding suggests that civilization, like the presumed innocence of childhood, is nothing more. Get an answer for 'Discuss the theme of civilization in The Lord of the Flies.' and find homework help for other Lord of the Flies questions at eNotes.
be listened to is the one who holds . LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Lord of the Flies, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. Although Golding argues that people are fundamentally savage, drawn toward pleasure and violence, human beings have successfully managed to create thriving civilizations for thousands of years.
Ralph, the protagonist of the novel, stands for civilization, morality, and leadership, while Jack, the antagonist, stands for the desire for power, selfishness, and amorality. Piggy represents the scientific and intellectual aspects of civilization, as his glasses—a symbol of rationality and intellect—enable the boys to .
The overarching theme of Lord of the Flies is the conflict between the human impulse towards savagery and the rules of civilization which are designed to contain and minimize it. Throughout the novel, the conflict is dramatized by the clash between Ralph and Jack, who respectively represent.