Feb 05, Hannah rated it it was amazing If George Bush knew how to read I would recommend this to him. It's relevant and I think it would set quite a few people straight. Aug 30, Kamil Yilmaz rated it it was amazing My review: Unholy War, Terror in the name of Islam.
Share After 74 years of official atheism, during which the Soviet ideological and political system pushed the Islamic faith out of social and political life, the past two-and-a-half decades have seen a religious revival in the Kyrgyz Republic. These religious freedoms are protected by the national Constitution, but have nonetheless come under fire from Kyrgyz political leaders, who fear the political challenge posed by Muslim religious leaders and Islam.
This opposition has entailed a reestablishment of governmental control over religious organizations and progressively more restrictive regulations on religious practices. Official concerns are not without merit. The opening of Kyrgyzstan to the world resulted in an influx of foreign influence in the form of funds used for the construction and reconstruction of mosques and religious schoolsand an upsurge in missionaries from Muslim countries and the publication or importation of religious literature.
While this activity has been by and large benign, there are nonetheless troubling signs that Islamist elements—most prominently the radical grassroots movement Hizb-ut Tahrir—have expanded their influence in the former Soviet republic, capitalizing upon the religious renaissance now underway there.
Radical Islam boasts a long and checkered history in post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan. Their ideological about-face was by and large tactical; most opted to abandon Soviet dogma and embrace Islamic revivalism as a pragmatic way of staying in power. To burnish their credentials as champions of Islam, local leaders opened their doors to Saudi-sponsored Wahhabi Islam.
Riyadh, for its part, took advantage of the invitation, expanding its financial and political foothold in the post-Soviet space. Thus, in the early s, Saudi influence came to the newly independent states of Central Asia in the form of new mosques and religious education.
Shamshibek Shakirovich Zakirov, a veteran Kyrgyz expert on religious affairs, estimates that afterten new mosques were constructed with the help of Saudi Arabia in the Kyrgyz city of Osh alone.
Though initially appreciative of Saudi largesse, Kyrgyz leaders quickly felt its destabilizing potential. By the early s, according to one official Kyrgyz government assessment: Numbers of illegal private religious schools [had] increased … and their contacts with foreign Saudi Muslim organizations expanded.
As a result of such contacts not only the functioning character of these centers, but also their ideology, changed. Those schools of traditional Islamic education turned into independent radical religious centers, the programs of which, except for training, included the propagation of their own social and political views.
Iranian and Afghan examples leave no room for illusions. Even more ominously, regional experts say that radicals also became active recruiters, encouraging hundreds of young Kyrgyz to venture abroad to study at Islamic educational institutions in nations throughout the Muslim world, often with the active support of radicals in those countries.
In Kyrgyzstan, HuT has evolved into a political opposition movement, styling itself as the Islamic alternative to regime corruption. Ideologically, however, the movement looks beyond the Kyrgyz state; the declared goal of its programs is "the restoration of Islamic way of life and dissemination of the call da'vat to Islam in the world.
However, there is a broad consensus among experts that the organization serves as an incubator for Islamic radicalism, priming adherents to subsequently take up arms against opponents.
Bythe movement had evolved into well-developed structural units, and the number of adherents increased dramatically—driven in part by the repressive measures employed against the group across the border in neighboring Uzbekistan.
Membership estimates vary widely, from a few thousand to as many as 40, It has also stepped up its proselytization among prison inmates, with some success. This was particularly true in ethnic Uzbek communities in the southern regions of the country, as they had been targets of popular and officially-instigated violence in the summer of that year.
HuT, on the other hand, offered the Uzbeks a vision of a caliphate that transcended ethnic divisions. Reports indicate that somewhere around six hundred Kyrgyz are fighting with the Islamic State in Syria, and government officials fret over the possibility of their return.
The only organized attack in Kyrgyzstan in recent years, the August suicide bombing of the Chinese embassy, was carried out by Uighur extremists and not directed against Kyrgyzstan. The establishment of Kyrgyzstan as an independent state inand the creation of a new constitution enshrining religious freedoms within it, led to a new focus upon Islam in Kyrgyz society.
In the years that followed, the construction of mosques and religious schools madrassas mushroomed, fueled by aid from Turkey, Egypt, Saudi Arabia and other countries in the Muslim world.Radical Islam boasts a long and checkered history in post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan.
Its roots stretch back to the days after the fall of USSR, when a number of former communist leaders (including Kyrgyzstan’s first president, Askar Akayev, and its subsequent leaders) gravitated to Muslim theology and Islamic . Aug 27, · Why no Islamist attacks on the Soviet Union?
Discussion in 'Alternate History Discussion: Islamic terrorism wasn't really much of a thing until after the collapse of the Soviet Union (there were only 9 notable Islamist Terrorist attacks before the fall of the Soviet Union).
It was in Lebanon and Afghanistan during the 's where Islamic. identified as part of the global threat from al-Qa‘ida’s jihadist terrorism.
Immediately after the 3/11 bombings, the government blamed ETA (Euskadi ta Askatasuna), the Basque separatist organization in .
To better understand the roots and threat of militant Islam, here's a closer look at how modern terrorism has evolved in the Middle East and South Asia. The colonial era, failed post-colonial attempts at state formation, and the creation of Israel engendered a series of Marxist and anti-Western transformations and movements throughout the Arab and Islamic world.
History of the United States 20th century • After the fall of the Soviet Union. President Bill Clinton oversaw the longest economic expansion in American history..
including the Gulf War. How did George Kennan's views regarding communism change between and the fall of the Soviet Union in ? What accounts for this change? Afghani Islamic fundamentalists who disliked the invasion of the country by foreigners.
demonstrated the ever-growing threat of terrorism following the collapse of communism. What is the New.