Sociology However, there are differences between Marxists especially over the way which social change can come about. For example, humanistic Marxists like Gramsci give a greater role to the conscious decisions and actions of human beings than do structural Marxists like Althusser, for whom social change comes as the product of changes within the structures of society.
Functionalism vs Marxism: A Family Case Study Essay Sample The definition of a family is one still being argued over by sociologists. However, for the purposes of this essay, I have chosen the broad definition of family as “a group of people who live together” The family chosen for this examination it will be argued, fit the functionalist view of the family. Marxism Essay Marxism is an ideology that derives from Karl Marx’s (–) critique of capitalism. As the third child in a middle-class Jewish family, Marx studied law at the University of Bonn and wrote his dissertation, The Difference between the Democritean and Epicurean Philosophy of Nature, in Marxists Views on the Family There are three Marxists views of the family, Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels and Eli Zaretsky; they all see all institutions such as education, the media and the family as maintaining class inequality and capitalism. Marxism is a as conflict perspective as it describes a form of inequality where groups could.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Get Access Functionalism vs Marxism: In order to demonstrate this, the functionalist view of the family will first be outlined.
According to functionalist theory, the existence of a particular institution is evidence for its necessity to society.
Based on a study of societies Murdock concluded that the nuclear family, i.
Moreover, he also stated that this grouping satisfies both the physical and psychological needs of the members which could not be met by other Marxism and the family essay structures. The family unit is thereby viewed by functionalists as essential to the welfare of the individuals.
Marxist theory, on the other hand, takes a negative look at the family. Seeing it as an exploitive system developed by ruling classes in order to serve the needs of a capitalist nation.
It therefore sees the existence of the nuclear family as being determined by the economy. Men of the family are exploited at work into serving the ruling class, and women, at home by doing domestic work for no pay.
The family propagates this inequality since children, on seeing their parents fulfil these roles are socialised into believing that such exploitation is to be expected. Moreover it provides a means by which men may vent the frustrations of working class life and feel they have power and control thereby avoiding revolt in the workplace.
As stated at the start of this essay, the family under examination seems to best fit functionalist theory. The Smith family are the ideal nuclear family, consisting of a male and female married couple and their two children. The smith family live in the London suburbs and are white and middle class.
When the children were young the mother stopped working in order to adopt the role of primary caregiver, thereby using her tiem and energy to provide for their children? When the came of age the father later financed the children? This family thereby fits best to a functionalist theory.
However, this may be because of the focus of the two theories. Functionalist theory was developed through work on white, middle class families, like the Smith family.
The inequalities facing working class families as stated by Marxism are not applicable in this situation since the Smith family are if anything, part of the oppressive ruling class which Marxist theory states force the creation of family units.
In conclusion, although on the surface the Smith family seem ideal candidates for a functionalist theory tgat is only because the range of families observed by functionalist theorists was narrow.
Although the Smith family may provide physical and psychological support to each other this does not mean that the existence of the family is born out of this.
The functionalists have created a chicken and egg problem. What came first the family or the functions fulfilled by the family? Correlations can not be taken as evidence. Therefore even thought the patterns shown by the Smith family correlate with functionalist theory it is too large a jump to say that this means functionalist theory applies to this family.
More essays like this:Marxism Essay Marxism is an ideology that derives from Karl Marx’s (–) critique of capitalism. As the third child in a middle-class Jewish family, Marx studied law at the University of Bonn and wrote his dissertation, The Difference between the Democritean and Epicurean Philosophy of Nature, in Marxist Criticism Essay.
Words 6 Pages. Show More. Marxism thus calls for abolition of the capitalist economic system where chief means of production are privately owned.
According to Marxism, supporting the development of a classless society would have led to prosperity and freedom for all. Marxism believes the family is socially constructed to benefit the bourgeoisie while interactionists look at family at a micro-scale without generalisation.
Functionalists view the family as a nuclear family and assume that the family is a positive beneficial institution in which family members receive unconditional love, nurturing and care.
Essay on Functionalism and Marxism - In the history of anthropology and sociology, there have been many different social theories.
Often these theories are influential for a period of time and then lose popularity once a new, more seductive theory is established.
A Comparison of Marxist and Functionalist Views on Society There is a division between functionalists and Marxists over the functions of the society. Marxism was founded by Karl Marx. Marxism is a theory that sees society in a state of social class conflict.
It looks at the conflict between the working class and capitalists. Marxists argue that the economy is the most important social institution and they believe that the family’s main role is to support and contribute towards capitalism.