According to Indian Country Todayall native communities acknowledged the following gender roles: Catlin said the tradition:
Apache Traditional Apache have a number of gender roles, however the same skills are learned by both females and males.
All children traditionally learn how to cook, follow tracks, skin leather, sew stitches, ride horses, and use weapons. Indigenous peoples of the Eastern Woodlands Eastern Woodland communities vary widely in whether they divide labor based on sex.
Whether gained by hunting, fishing or agriculture, older Lenape women take responsibility for community food distribution. Land management, whether used for hunting or agriculture, also is the traditional responsibility of Lenape women.
Men and women have traditionally both had the final say over who they would end up marrying, though parents usually have a great deal of influence as well. Hopi The Hopi in what is now the Hopi Reservation in northeastern Arizona are traditionally both matriarchal and matrilineal with egalitarian roles in community, and no sense of superiority or inferiority based on sex or gender.
Iroquois The Haudenosaunee are a matriarchal society. Traditionally, the Clan Mother has held the ultimate power over all decisions, though her specific role has varied by Nation.
In this structure the men under her are the Chiefs, serving primarily in a diplomatic capacity. Tradition holds that she has the power to veto any idea proposed by her chiefs, and that both the naming traditions and transfer of political power are matrilineal. The renowned 19th century Navajo artist Hosteen Klah — is an example.
Nez Perce people During the early colonial periodNez Perce communities tended to have specific gender roles. Men were responsible for the production of equipment used for hunting, fishing and protection of their communities as well as the performance of these activities.
Men made up the governing bodies of villages which were composed of a council and headman. The harvest of medicinal plants was the responsibility of the women in the community due to their extensive knowledge.
Edibles were harvested by both women and children. Women also regularly participated in politics, but due to their responsibilities to their families and medicine gathering, they did not hold office.According to Indian Country Today, all native communities acknowledged the following gender roles: “Female, male, Two Spirit female, Two Spirit male and Transgendered.” “Each tribe has their own specific term, but there was a need for a universal term that the general population could understand.
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Two-Spirit (also two spirit or, occasionally, twospirited) is a modern, pan-Indian, umbrella term used by some indigenous North Americans to describe certain people in their communities who fulfill a traditional third-gender (or other gender-variant) ceremonial role in their cultures.
While most people mistakenly associate the term with "LGBT Native", the term and identity of two-spirit "does. Like most other societies, Native Americans usually incorporated well-defined gender roles within their various groups.
Men hunted, fought in battle, negotiated treaties and agreements, and made decisions about moving. Men were chiefs, medicine men, and priests, though women could also take on . Native American Cultures: Family Life, Kinship, and Gender Native American societies are based on the concept of interdependence.
Interdependence. In the typical Native American society, the work was divided up between the men and the women. They each took on different roles in society in their daily lives.
Although each tribe and region was different, the division of labor between men and women was generally similar across most of the Native American tribes.